OHSAS18000 occupational health and safety management system by the British Standards Institute ( BSI ), Det Norske Veritas (DNV) and other 13 organizations in 1999 Joint launch of an international standard, which is the foundation of the organization (enterprise) to establish occupational health and safety management system It is also the main basis for enterprises to conduct internal audits and certification bodies to implement certification audits. It is another hot spot after the implementation of ISO9000 and ISO14000 international standards.
This specification applies to any employer who has the following wishes:
( 1 ) Establish an occupational safety and health management system to effectively eliminate and reduce as much as possible the risks related to the activities of the employer that may be suffered by employees and other relevant personnel;
( 2 ) Implement, maintain and continuously improve its occupational safety and health management system;
( 3 ) to ensure compliance with its stated occupational safety and health policy;
( 4 ) Show the principles of occupational safety and health work to the society;
( 5 ) Seeking external organizations to certify and register their occupational safety and health management systems;
( 6 ) Self-evaluation and declaration of compliance with this specification.
The first step, enterprise demand analysis (clear enterprise demand, enterprise demand analysis, potential demand analysis)
The second step, the planning of the consulting process (review of the regular work results planned during the consulting stage of the full-term work plan)
The third step is the diagnosis of the environment / safety management system.
The fourth step is system analysis / initial environmental review (initial environment / hazard source review plan environmental factors / hazard source identification and evaluation related laws and regulations collection and evaluation basic data collection and arrangement initial environmental review report management system integration analysis)
Step 5. Training provision (basic knowledge training, laws, regulations, knowledge, training management system, document training, internal auditor training, environment / safety related competence training, certification preparation, training, environment / safety management special training)
Step 6. Design of environment / safety management system (environment / safety management business activity division, business activity analysis system integration design, complete documented environment system design and identification resource requirements)
Step 7. Guidance for document preparation (review of the document management guidelines for compliance review objectives and indicators, review of the management plan to determine the final document, approval of the document)
The eighth step, (the review of the system operation guidance goals and indicators, the review of laws and regulations, the compliance review, the two internal audit management reviews, and suggestions for improvement and inspection of the improvement effect)
Step 9 : Evaluation and improvement of consulting / implementation effect (Written evaluation of the enterprise compared with adjustment and improvement of consulting / implementation method of enterprise loss cost )
Step 10: Preparations for third-party certification (guide the selection of certification bodies to submit certification applications, simulate on-site audits, propose corrective measures, and implement formal certification audits)
Similarities and differences between OHSAS18001 occupational safety and health management system and ISO9001 : 2000 quality management system and ISO14001 environmental management system
1 . The biggest difference in implementing the three standards is that they are different:
The quality management system established by the organization according to ISO9001 : 2000 standard is aimed at customers.
The environmental management system established by the organization in accordance with the ISO14001 standard is targeted at society and related parties.
The occupational safety and health management system established by the organization according to the OHSAS18001 standard is targeted at employees.
2 . Implementation of the three common points:
1 ) The general policies and objectives of the organization's implementation of management are the same.
2 ) The three standards use a common process model structure with similar structures for ease of use.
3 ) The principle of the system is the PDCA (Plan - Do - Check - Improve) cycle.
4 ) All need to establish a documented management system.
5 ) All need to have a documented division of responsibilities.
6 ) All proposed to achieve continuous improvement through the operation of the system.
7 ) Both have made commitments to comply with regulations and other requirements.
8 ) It is proposed to use internal audit and management review to evaluate the effectiveness, suitability and compliance of the system operation.
9 ) It is required to control non-conformities and strengthen training and education.
10 ) The top management of the organization is required to appoint a management representative who is responsible for establishing, maintaining and implementing the management system.
Enterprises mainly need to cooperate with the information provided
1 , the effective version of the file management system
2. When a copy of business license or establishment approval is required
3. Organization's production safety certification
4. Production process flow chart or service provision flow chart
5. Organization chart
6. List of applicable laws and regulations
7 , geographical location diagram
8 , FIG plant layout
9. Floor plan of production workshop
10. List of major hazards
11. Occupational health and safety goals, indicators and management plans
12 , proof of compliance